A comparative study on serum calcium and magnesium levels in women with preeclampsia and normal pregnancy

Author : Balla Sudha Rani and Nekkala Ramakrishna

Objective: To compare serum calcium and magnesium in preeclamptic women and normal pregnant women. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on normal pregnant women (n=30) and pre-eclamptic women (n=30) in Gayathri Hospital (GVPIHCMT) attended Gynecology and Obstetrics’ department. The blood samples were collected and analyzed for calcium, medica on easyra fully automatic biochemistry and magnesium by semi- automatic analyzer lab life chemmaster in central laboratory. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 15. The p-value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The serum calcium and magnesium in preeclamptic women were (8.6±0.4mg/dl vs. 9.9±0.7 mg/dl, p<0.0001) and (0.65±0.08 mmol/l vs.0.95±0.09 mmol/l, p=0.001) respectively, significantly lower than that in normal pregnant women. Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that hypocalcaemia and hypomagnesaemia are possible etiologies of preeclampsia.

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