Analysis of Preliminary phytochemicals of leaf extracts of Cleome gynandra L.

Author : R. Srinivas, P. Jyothi Chaitanya, R. Chandrashekar, N. Lakshmi Bhavani

Present investigation concentrated on phytochemical screening of leaf crude extracts of Cleome gynandra L. in different solvents like methanol, ethanol, petroleum ether, chloroform and acetone. Specific tests were conducted to identify each group of the phytochemicals of various extracts of Cleome gynandra L. The leaf extracts of Cleome gynandra L was extracted separately with methanol, ethanol, acetone, petroleum ether and chloroform that were screened for phytochemical constituents. Among the entire extracts tested methanol, ethanol extracts showed more phytochemicals than the others followed by acetone chloroform and petroleum ether. Analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, phenols, saponins, steroids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides and tannins. The Phytochemical studies indicate that the crude leaf extracts of Cleome gynandra L Tannins, phenols, steroids and cardiac glycosides were mainly found in all the five tested solvent extracts of leaf followed by Saponins and Alkaloids.

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