Assessment of nutritional status in children less than 4 years in rural areas of Andhra Pradesh

Author : A Santha Ram, M Malleswara Rao

Background: More than one-fourth of under five children (about 150 million) are underweight while about one-third (182 million) are stunted. Geographically more than 70% of protein energy malnutrition children live in Asia, 26% in Africa and 4% in Latin America and the Caribbean2. Malnutrition among children is a public health problem in Andhra Pradesh. Material and Methods: A base-line data were analyzed and prepared this article with objective was prevalence and its associated factors of stunting, underweight and wasting among children less than 3 years old from the study that was conducted a pre-post with controlled design conducted in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh in 2014. Results: In this study, Prevalence of wasting, stunting and underweight was 30.1%, 32.3% & 35% of children less than 3 years respectively. The study found that the prevalence of severe wasted and wasted were 17.2 % and 11.9 % respectively, while the prevalence of stunting and severe stunting status of children were 19.7% and 20.7% and the prevalence of underweight and severely underweight children were 19.4% and 20.6%. Conclusions: Present study shows that the prevalence of malnutrition (underweight, stunting, and wasting) is still major health problems among children less than 3 years.

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