Effect of different types of vestibular exercises on blood pressure in healthy females.
Normal functioning of vestibular system is essential for autonomic functions, as vestibular lesions were found to affect autonomic regulation. Few studies have evaluated the effect of vestibular afferent activation on cardiovascular autonomic function in humans. The present study was undertaken to assess acute effect of different types of vestibular exercises on blood pressure in healthy females to identify effective vestibular exercise to use in management of hypertension. The present experimental study was conducted in 16 healthy female college students of age group 20-26 years. Vestibular exercises were selected from standardized list in the literature. The exercises included are A) bending exercise (upward and downward head movement), B) side to side exercise (right and left head movement), C) shrugging shoulders, D) turning shoulders, E) walking in a straight line while looking sideways. Each individual exercise was designed for 2 minutes duration. Blood pressure was recorded after each exercise individually and in combinations. After each exercise 10 minutes rest was given so that BP values will be normalized. Data was analyzed by using SPSS 20.0. Statistical tests used were One Way Anova followed by Tukey HSD post hoc test. P value <0.05 was considered as significant. We have observed decline in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure followed by acute vestibular stimulation by walking in a straight line while looking sideways. However, more research is needed to recommend and adopt this exercise in the management of hypertension.
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