Evaluation of Knowledge, attitude and practice about antihypertensive drug use in hypertensive patients in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Author : Pimpalkhute Sonali A, Bajait Chaitali S, Dakhale Ganesh N, Jaiswal Kavita M, Smita D. Sontakke and Nivangune Kundan S

Context: Hypertension can be controlled through both non pharmacological and pharmacological treatment. Prevention plays significant role in controlling this disease which is achieved by increasing the knowledge and awareness of the public and changing their attitude and practice. Studies have shown that patients do not have appropriate knowledge about hypertension. Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of hypertensive patients and its relation to demographic data. Setting and Design: A cross sectional, questionnaire based survey Material and Methods: Study was conducted in hypertensive patients at tertiary care teaching hospital. The study instrument was a self- developed, pre-validated semi-structured questionnaire consisting of both open and close-ended items. Results: Out of 150 respondents, 92% of the respondents were aware of hypertension. Most of the patients (68.66%) were aware about symptoms of raised BP. Eighty nine percent took anti-hypertensive medications regularly. Almost 65% mentioned that taking antihypertensive drugs is a life-long necessity and regular follow up is necessary. Out of 138 patients who were taking antihypertensive medication regularly, percentage was significantly higher in those who were educated more than 10th standard. Similarly the practice of reduced salt intake in diet was significantly higher in the same group. Conclusion: Most of the patients were aware of the risk factors associated with hypertension but had a negative attitude towards modifying those risk factors. However education had a positive impact on some of the practices like medication adherence, salt restriction and physical exercise.

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