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IN-SILIC0 STUDY OF CURCUMIN, DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN AND XANTHORRIZOL AS SKIN WHITENING AGENTS

Author : Resmi Mustarichie, Jutti Levita and Dini Febriani

Curcumin, demetoxycurcumin and xanthorrhizol are an active compounds contained in temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza) which have activity in inhibiting the tyrosinase enzyme and α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH ) in vitro. Docking simulation was done to determine and visualize the interaction of the three compounds with the tyrosinase enzyme and α-MSH. The results of docking simulations showed that the three compounds can interact spontaneously with the tyrosinase enzyme and α-MSH. On the tyrosinase enzyme, xanthorrhizol interact most easily through the formation of hydrogen bonds with Asn205. On the α-MSH, demethoxycurcumin interact most easily through the formation of two hydrogen bonds with His3 and Arg5. With the inhibitory effect on the enzyme tyrosinase and α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) means preventing the formation of skin coloring pigment melanin, indicating that the three compounds studied can be applied as skin whitening agents.


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