Knowledge, attitude, behaviour and practice of self-medication among second year undergraduate medical students in a medical college

Author : Nivethitha T, Manickavasagam S, Ramiyaa A B

Self-medication is widely practiced among medical students in India for various reasons. Hence this questionnaire based study was carried out in a medical college at Tamilnadu to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among second year medical students. About 120 students participated in the study. A pre-tested questionnaire was given to each student. The questions in each domain were scored; the scores were summed up and assessed. The mean age group was 190.70 years. The study revealed that self-medication was practiced by females more than males (mean practice score =3.370.72) (p<0.05) and the students from urban background (mean practice score =2.70 1.36), (p<0.05) practiced self-medication more than their rural counterparts. The common morbidities for which self-medications were used include cough, cold, fever and other infections. The common drugs used were antibiotics, antipyretics and analgesics. Most of the students believed that the self-medicated drugs are economical (34%) and easily available (17%), and that they can cure minor symptoms by themselves. However this practice is associated with its own risks. Hence it becomes essential to increase the awareness of these students regarding the rational use of drugs.

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