Study of Reproduction in the Local Reem Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa marica)

Author : Mohammed-Ali Shahooth, Sadeq Jaafer Zalzala, Saad Akram Hatif

This study was performed in the College of Veterinary Medicine at AL-Anbar university, in order to determine the breeding season of Arabian sand gazelles (Reem gazelles) (Gazella subgutturosa). Thirteen healthy Reem gazelles (3 males and 10 females), in the age (2.5 -5) year, were purchased from Iraqi Natural Protected in Iraq. The seasonal estrus signs observed in the November 2010.The hormonal program began out of season on April 2011, all gazelles were non-pregnant. 10 female gazelles were divided into two groups: control group and treated group (5 for each group). Treated group were given intra-vaginal sponges (progestagen 60 mg), sponges removed after 11 days, subsequent by I/M injection of PMSG (Folligon, 400 IU). Treated females show elevated values of (Estradiol, FSH, and LH), after application of hormonal program. Gestation periods are fixed to range between (152-165) days .All births were recorded in October 2011, the newborn kids were alive, healthy, suckling milk normally 30 minutes post-parturition, and no congenital anomalies were detected. Two cases record twins and others show single births. Concluded that the Arabian sand gazelles (Reem gazelles) (Gazella subgutturosa) in Iraq was a seasonal animal, and the main breeding season in November.

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